Configurando o Ubuntu 10.04 a partir da versão original

Para aqueles usuários que preferem configurar o Ubuntu do zero, partindo da imagem original do site http://releases.ubuntu.com/10.04/ .

Configurando o arquivo de repositórios do Ubuntu : /etc/apt/sources.list

Pressione as teclas “ALT + F2”, digite o comando : gksu gedit /etc/apt/sources.list , pressione a tecla “ENTER”. Será solicitada a sua senha de usuário para receber direitos de superusuário, digite-a e pressione a tecla “ENTER”. Edite o arquivo para que fique com o conteúdo semelhante ao apresentado abaixo.

# deb cdrom:[Ubuntu 10.04 _Lucid Lynx_ – Release Candidate i386 (20100419.1)]/ lucid main restricted
# See http://help.ubuntu.com/community/UpgradeNotes for how to upgrade to
# newer versions of the distribution.

deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid main restricted
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid main restricted

## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the
## distribution.
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates main restricted
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates main restricted

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team. Also, please note that software in universe WILL NOT receive any
## review or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid universe
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid universe
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates universe
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates universe

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to
## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in
## multiverse WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu
## security team.
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid multiverse
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates multiverse

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from the ‘backports’
## repository.
## N.B. software from this repository may not have been tested as
## extensively as that contained in the main release, although it includes
## newer versions of some applications which may provide useful features.
## Also, please note that software in backports WILL NOT receive any review
## or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-backports main restricted universe multiverse

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Canonical’s
## ‘partner’ repository.
## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by Canonical and the
## respective vendors as a service to Ubuntu users.
deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu lucid partner
deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu lucid partner

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security main restricted
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security main restricted
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security universe
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security universe
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security multiverse
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security multiverse

# Inseridos por ___________
# Codecs
deb http://packages.medibuntu.org/ lucid free non-free
# Gadgets e programas Google (picasa, google earth, …)
deb http://dl.google.com/linux/deb/ stable non-free
# Ubuntu Tweak
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/tualatrix/ubuntu lucid main
# Navegador Google Chrome
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/chromium-daily/ppa/ubuntu lucid main
# Skype
deb http://download.skype.com/linux/repos/debian/ stable non-free

— fim do arquivo

Para configurar o Ubuntu, primeiro execute o Terminal, para isso selecione a opção Aplicativos->Acessórios->Terminal no menu da barra superior. Na janela do Terminal execute os comandos abaixo :

Instalando as chaves PGP dos repositórios inseridos :

wget -q https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub -O- | sudo apt-key add –

sudo apt-key adv –recv-keys –keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com FE85409EEAB40ECCB65740816AF0E1940624A220

sudo apt-key adv –recv-keys –keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com 0xfbef0d696de1c72ba5a835fe5a9bf3bb4e5e17b5

gpg –keyserver pgp.mit.edu –recv-keys 0xd66b746e && gpg –export –armor 0xd66b746e  | sudo apt-key add –

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get update

Atualizando o sistema :

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Instalando novos programas (codecs, multimídia, internet, …) :

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras non-free-codecs libdvdcss2 libdvdread4 vlc miro sound-juicer mencoder ffmpeg audacity devede acidrip dvdrip amsn amule acroread firestarter gftp thunderbird thunderbird-gnome-support thunderbird-locale-pt-br language-pack-pt language-pack-pt-base language-support-pt language-support-writing-pt language-pack-gnome-pt language-pack-gnome-pt-base language-pack-gnome-pt-base openoffice.org-l10n-common openoffice.org-l10n-pt-br dia inkscape rawstudio gimp-dcraw gnucash openoffice.org-base multisync libmultisync-plugin-all synce-multisync-plugin totem-xine prism wine1.2 gtk-gnutella gtk-recordMyDesktop subtitleeditor subtitleripper gnome-ppp mp3gain twitux nautilus-clamscan nautilus-gksu nautilus-image-converter nautilus-wallpaper aria2 gwget stopmotion gparted rar unrar aacgain aacplusenc libnjb5 winff ubuntu-tweak aspell-pt-br brazilian-conjugate ibrazilian xarchiver sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin subdownloader gnash cheese  ubuntu-mono gecko-mediaplayer openshot arj lha rar unace-nonfree unrar p7zip p7zip-full p7zip-rar vinagre hpijs-ppds hplip-gui openprinting-ppds-extra  cups-pdf gimp gimp-data gimp-help-en gimp-help-en gimp-data-extras totem-plugins totem-plugins-extra mp3gain nautilus-script-audio-convert tagtool easytag assogiate subdownloader mplayer-fonts mplayer gnome-mplayer openoffice.org-help-pt-br imagemagick eboard eboard-extras-pack1 gnuchess python-imaging python-imaging-tk python-liblcms python-reportlab compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-fusion-plugins-extra compiz-fusion-plugins-main compiz-plugins emerald chromium-browser chromium-browser-l10n chromium-codecs-ffmpeg bleachbit build-essential xorg-dev autoconf automake libtool nasm yasm gettext lame mjpegtools skype  moovida klavaro fusion-icon putty moonlight-plugin-mozilla regionset

Caso utilize placa wireless Broadcom (notebooks HP, …), instale o driver :

sudo apt-get install b43-fwcutter

O melhor plugin Java para o Firefox é o sun-java6-plugin que foi instalado acima, por isso devemos desinstalar o plugin icedtea6 :

sudo apt-get remove –purge icedtea6-plugin

About João Fracassi

Técnico em Informática e Redes com amplos conhecimentos em Ubuntu e bastante experiencia em Suporte a Desktops,Laptops,Servers e também c
This entry was posted in Linux, Tutoriais e iniciantes, Ubuntu. Bookmark the permalink.

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